Phase equilibria and thermodynamic evaluation of the Ti-V-O system in air

Willem Dutoit Malan*, Guven Akdogan, Pekka Taskinen, Joseph Hamuyuni, Johan Zietsman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The Ti-V-O system was studied experimentally from 700 °C to 1500 °C by high-temperature equilibration, quenching, scanning electron microscope and Energy-Dispersive X-Ray spectroscopy. The solubility of titanium in the slag is less than 3 mol% at 1500 °C and the vanadium solubility in the rutile phase reached a maximum of 7.8 mol% at 1400 °C. The thermodynamic evaluation was performed with FactSage 7.0. The solubility of vanadium in the rutile phase was developed within the framework of the compound energy formalism. The properties of the liquid phase were described with the quasichemical model. A set of self-consistent thermodynamic parameters was estimated well within acceptable limits. The calculated phase diagram of the Ti-V-O system in air is presented and compared to experimental observations and other phase diagram data from literature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)220-228
Number of pages9
JournalCalphad: Computer Coupling of Phase Diagrams and Thermochemistry
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Phase diagram
  • Static experiments
  • Thermodynamics
  • Ti-V-O system

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