Performance of a Modular Wideband HVDC Reference Divider for Voltages up to 1000 kV

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


  • Jari Hällström
  • Anders Bergman
  • Serkan Dedeoʇlu
  • Alf Peter Elg
  • Ernest Houtzager
  • Joni Klüss
  • Tapio Lehtonen
  • Wolfgang Lucas
  • Johann Meisner
  • Ahmet Merev
  • Tatu Nieminen
  • Matthias Schmidt
  • Esa Pekka Suomalainen
  • Christian Weber

Research units

  • VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
  • SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden
  • Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey
  • VSL Dutch Metrology Institute
  • Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB)
  • Trench France SAS


This paper describes the design and performance of a modular wideband high-voltage dc (HVDC) reference divider with a ratio uncertainty of less than 0.005% at 1000 kV. The divider has a maximum nominal voltage of 1000 kV when five 200-kV modules are stacked on top of each other. The divider is used for traceable calibration of HVDC measuring systems in customers' laboratories. The first priority in the design was the accuracy of HVDC measurements. In addition, the divider was designed to have wide bandwidth, both to enable measurement of ripple voltages and to prevent damage during possible flashovers.


Original languageEnglish
Article number7063966
Pages (from-to)1390-1397
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2015
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • High-voltage dc (HVDC) transmission, high-voltage techniques, measurement standards, uncertainty, voltage dividers

ID: 10272921