Performance and bacterial community structure of a submerged biofilter subjected to high ammonium and high organic carbon concentrations

Alejandro Rodriguez-Sanchez, Anna Mikola, Barbara Muñoz-Palazon, Riku Vahala, Alejandro Gonzalez-Martinez*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A partial-nitritation biofilter was tested in order to investigate the effect of organic matter loading over its performance and bacterial community structure. Analyses were done after each of a two-step organic loading of 45 days each. Without organic matter addition, the partial-nitritation biofilter performed in nearly ideal conditions in terms of ammonium oxidation to nitrite. Under these conditions its bacterial community structure was dominated by Nitrosomonas bacteria. The first loading of organic matter caused a decrease in ammonium oxidation as well as decrease in relative abundance of Nitrosomonas. The COD and BOD5 removal increased with the operation time up to 85% and 81%. For the second loading of organic matter the partial-nitritation biofilter achieved 91% and 97% in COD and BOD5 removal at the end of the experimental period but ammonium oxidation efficiency was still inefficient. The changes in the bacterial community structure of the biofilter were more pronounced at the first organic loading step as suggested by α- and β-diversity analyses. In this way, the partial-nitritation biofilter could not achieve the desired coupled ammonium oxidation and organic matter removal efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)224-233
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Biodeterioration and Biodegradation
Volume115
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Bacterial community
  • Carbon source
  • iTag sequencing
  • Next generation sequencing
  • Partial nitritation

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