Performance Analysis and Mitigation Techniques for I/Q-Corrupted OFDM Systems

Udesh Oruthota

Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisCollection of Articles

Abstract

Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) has become a widely adopted modulation technique in modern communications systems due to its multipath resilience and low implementation complexity. The direct conversion architecture is a popular candidate for low-cost, low-power, fully integrated transceiver designs. One of the inevitable problems associated with analog signal processing in direct conversion involves the mismatches in the gain and phases of In-phase (I) and Quadrature-phase (Q) branches. Ideally, the I and Q branches of the quadrature mixer will have perfectly matched gains and are orthogonal in phase. Due to imperfect implementation of the electronics, so called I/Q imbalance emerges and creates interference between subcarriers which are symmetrically apart from the central subcarrier. With practical imbalance levels, basic transceivers fail to maintain the sufficient image rejection, which in turn can cause interference with the desired transmission. Such an I/Q distortion degrades the systems performance if left uncompensated. Moreover, the coexistence of I/Q imbalance and other analog RF imperfections with digital baseband and higher layer functionalities such as multiantenna transmission and radio resource management, reduce the probability of successful transmission. Therefore, mitigation of I/Q imbalance is an essential substance in designing and implementing modern communications systems, while meeting required performance targets and quality of service. This thesis considers techniques to compensate and mitigate I/Q imbalance, when combined with channel estimation, multiantenna transmission, transmission power control, adaptive modulation and multiuser scheduling. The awareness of the quantitative relationship between transceiver parameters and system parameters is crucial in designing and dimensioning of modern communications systems. For this purpose, analytical models to evaluate the performance of an I/Q distorted system are considered.
Translated title of the contributionPerformance Analysis and Mitigation Techniques for I/Q-Corrupted OFDM Systems
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor's degree
Awarding Institution
  • Aalto University
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Tirkkonen, Olav, Supervising Professor
Publisher
Print ISBNs978-952-60-6595-3
Electronic ISBNs978-952-60-6596-0
Publication statusPublished - 2015
MoE publication typeG5 Doctoral dissertation (article)

Keywords

  • I/Q imbalance
  • performance analysis
  • channel estimation
  • MIMO
  • precoding
  • link adaptation
  • D2D communication

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