Perceptual aspects of reproduced sound in car cabin acoustics

N. Kaplanis, S. Bech, S. Tervo, J. Pätynen, T. Lokki, T. van Waterschoot, Sören Holdt Jensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
272 Downloads (Pure)


An experiment was conducted to determine the perceptual effects of car cabin acoustics on the reproduced sound field. In-car measurements were conducted whilst the cabin's interior was physically modified. The captured sound fields were recreated in the laboratory using a three-dimensional loudspeaker array. A panel of expert assessors followed a rapid sensory analysis protocol, the flash profile, to perceptually characterize and evaluate 12 acoustical conditions of the car cabin using individually elicited attributes. A multivariate analysis revealed the panel's consensus and the identified perceptual constructs. Six perceptual constructs characterize the differences between the acoustical conditions of the cabin, related to bass, ambience, transparency, width and envelopment, brightness, and image focus. The current results indicate the importance of several acoustical properties of a car's interior on the perceived sound qualities. Moreover, they signify the capacity of the applied methodology in assessing spectral and spatial properties of automotive environments in laboratory settings using a time-efficient and flexible protocol.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1459-1469
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Room acoustic analysis
  • automotive audio
  • Auralization

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