Perception and preference of reverberation in small listening rooms for multi-loudspeaker reproduction

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


  • Neofytos Kaplanis
  • Søren Bech
  • Tapio Lokki
  • Toon van Waterschoot
  • Sören Holdt Jensen

Research units

  • Bang & Olufsen A/S
  • KU Leuven
  • Aalborg University


An experiment was conducted to identify the perceptual effects of acoustical properties of domestic listening environments, in a stereophonic reproduction scenario. Nine sound fields, originating from four rooms, were captured and spatially reproduced over a three-dimensional loudspeaker array. A panel of ten expert assessors identified and quantified the perceived differences of those sound fields using their own perceptual attributes. A multivariate analysis revealed two principal dimensions that could summarize the sound fields of this investigation. Four perceptual constructs seem to characterize the sensory properties of these dimensions, relating to Reverberance, Width & Envelopment, Proximity, and Bass. Overall, the results signify the importance of reverberation in residential listening environments on the perceived sensory experience, and as a consequence, the assessors' preferences towards certain decay times.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3562-3576
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • room acoustics, sound reproduction, sensory evaluation

ID: 39212611