Patent litigation by private investors - case Finland

Juhani Talvela, Tuomo Kässi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

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Abstract: Private inventors are active patent applicants but lack the skills to prosecute their IP rights. While patents and patenting are studied immensely in the last decades, we have found the role of private inventors less covered. Our research focuses on private individuals' involvement in patent prosecutions in the Finnish courts of law. We study the actions of private inventors to protect and enforce their intellectual property, and the types of legal actions they get dragged into. This paper uses a literature review and patent litigation data retrieved from the Darts-IP database and combined with patenting data from the Finnish patent and trademark office {PTO). Based on a conducted analysis we find that private inventors have high success in patent ownership disputes and low success in administrative hearings. In other types of cases they fare about as well as corporate litigants. This is somewhat surprising, as private inventors are usually thought to perform poorly in patent litigations. Our research, to our knowledge for the first time, provides empirical evidence of private inventors' involvement and performance in patent litigations, in Finland and provides new insights to technology and innovation management in the intersection of judicial research. The results of this work are useful for academia, as well as for private inventors, entrepreneurs and small company managers for making knowledge-based decisions on inventions, patents and patenting.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 10th European Conference on Intangibles and Intellectual Capital, University of Chieti-Pescara, Italy, 23-24 May 2019
Subtitle of host publicationECIIC 2019
EditorsMassimo Sargiacomo
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-912764-19-8
Publication statusPublished - 2019
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventEuropean Conference on Intangibles and Intellectual Capital - Pescara, Italy
Duration: 23 May 201924 May 2019
Conference number: 10

Publication series

NameProceedings of the European conference on intellectual capital
ISSN (Print)2049-0933
ISSN (Electronic)2049-0941


ConferenceEuropean Conference on Intangibles and Intellectual Capital
Abbreviated titleECIIC


  • patent
  • litigation
  • judicial
  • law
  • inventor
  • invention

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