The objective of this doctoral dissertation was to create guidelines for a comprehensive, uniform terminological system for paper recycling. The uniform system should be such that it can be used globally, cross all geographical regions, and it should meet the needs of all stakeholders in the field. The objective was divided into four sub-objectives. Firstly, to provide a comprehensive analysis of existing terminological systems for paper recycling. Secondly, to provide a comprehensive analysis of existing frameworks for describing the material streams and stages in the paper recycling industry. Thirdly, to create a comprehensive, uniform framework for describing the material streams and stages in the material chain of the paper recycling industry. And, fourthly, to present a method to quantify the material streams and stages in the material chain of the paper industry. An exploratory research approach was used. This approach is appropriate especially when the research problem or research focus is not clear. This dissertation uses both qualitative and quantitative research data. Numerous journal articles, conference papers, books, and other research reports were used as sources of research data. In addition, a wide range of publications by various industry associations and individual companies as well as official and unofficial statistics, and definitions were utilized. It became obvious that a state of chaos exists with respect to how terminology is used in the paper recycling industry. A comprehensive analysis of existing frameworks dealing with material streams and stages related to paper recycling was done. After this, a comprehensive uniform framework for material streams and stages in the paper recycling industry was developed. This framework was named the Detailed Wheel of Fiber. A method for quantifying the different material streams and stages in the paper industry was developed. In this quantification a common denominator, the roundwood equivalent (RWE) was used.
|Translated title of the contribution||Paper Industry Material Recycling - Revealing and Rectifying the Chaos in Terminology|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|
|MoE publication type||G5 Doctoral dissertation (article)|
- recovered paper
- paper industry