PADRE: A method for participatory action design research

Amir Haj-Bolouri*, Lennarth Bernhardsson, Matti Rossi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Action Design Research (ADR) is a Design Research (DR) method that enriches the Design Science Research (DSR) paradigm, by providing stages and principles for designing artifacts and allowing for their emergence in an organizational context. The method has been used and elaborated by scholars, extending the mode of the method and its stages, incorporating and adopting knowledge from related approaches such as Participatory Action Research (PAR) and Participatory Design (PD). In this paper, we have adopted principles and philosophy from PAR and PD to extend and elaborate the ADR method, by providing a front-end of Action Research (AR) that emphasizes learning through incremental iteration. We will introduce our elaborated method as Participatory Action Design Research (PADRE) and demonstrate how we have used it in our own research. We argue that the ADR method can benefit from incorporating learning within and across each and every stage iteratively. We also argue that learning can be used as a learning nexus, which informs and gets accumulated for formalization of learning that can be re-used within different cycles of ADR. Hence, we introduce PADRE and provide a model that consists of a set of key-components, which extends and elaborates the ADR method.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTackling Society's Grand Challenges with Design Science
Subtitle of host publication11th International Conference, DESRIST 2016, St. John’s, NL, Canada, May 23-25, 2016, Proceedings
EditorsJeffrey Parsons, Tuure Tuunanen, John Venable, Brian Donnellan, Markus Helfert, Jim Kenneally
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-39294-3
ISBN (Print) 978-3-319-39293-6
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA4 Conference publication
EventInternational Conference on Design Science Research in Information Systems and Technology - St Johns, Canada
Duration: 23 May 201625 May 2016
Conference number: 11

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
ISSN (Print)03029743
ISSN (Electronic)16113349


ConferenceInternational Conference on Design Science Research in Information Systems and Technology
Abbreviated titleDESRIST
CitySt Johns


  • Action design research
  • Design science research
  • Participatory action design research


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