Ambient backscatter communication (AmBC) is becoming increasingly popular as a green Internet-of-things technology by enabling ultra-low-power data exchanges among simple tags. The bit-error-rate (BER) performance of the AmBC receivers is hampered by the low signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR), which limits either the range or the data rate that can be supported by these systems. Among the alternatives, the solutions provided by a multi-antenna receiver enable several practical methods to improve the SINR using array signal processing. In this paper, the optimum multi-antenna AmBC receiver for any binary modulated tag signal is presented. Two receivers are derived from the maximum-a-posterior probability criterion for deterministic-unknown and for Gaussian distributed ambient signals. The closed-form cumulative distribution functions are derived for both of the receivers for performance evaluation purposes. It is discussed that these two receivers are equivalent under practical conditions, and the optimum receiver is a generalization of the multi-antenna receivers available in the literature. Several implementation details are discussed, and numerical evaluation is provided to validate the development. Therefore, the presented receiver accommodates different tag modulations and achieves the best possible BER performance, which opens up new application possibilities by improving AmBC system flexibility.
- ambient backscatter communication
- green communication
- Performance evaluation
- receiver design
- receiver performance analysis
- Receiving antennas
- Signal to noise ratio