Optimized watermarking technique using self-adaptive differential evolution based on redundant discrete wavelet transform and singular value decomposition

Mohammadhassan Vali, Ali Aghagolzadeh*, Yasser Baleghi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Imperceptibility, capacity, robustness and security are four basic requirements of any watermarking tech- nique. A new blind image watermarking technique based on the redundant discrete wavelet transform (RDWT) and singular value decomposition (SVD) is presented in this paper to satisfy all of these four watermarking requirements simultaneously. The gray-scale watermark image is directly embedded into the singular values of RDWT sub-bands after multiplying by a scaling factor. The self-adaptive differen- tial evolution (SADE) algorithm is used to optimize the scaling factor values with the aim of reaching the highest possible robustness while guaranteeing a pre-determined watermarked image quality. By the use of human visual system (HVS) characteristics, an 8-bits digital signature is inserted into the water- marked image to solve the false positive problem which is a prevalent security problem for the most SVD-based watermarking methods. The digital signature is used for verification test before initialization of the watermark extraction procedure. Also, considering the existing redundancy in the RDWT domain, the scheme attained a large amount of capacity. Experimental results demonstrate that in addition to achieving a great imperceptibility, large capacity and sufficient security, the proposed scheme obtains a satisfactory level of robustness against image processing and geometrical attacks, simultaneously.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)296-312
Number of pages17
JournalExpert Systems with Applications
Volume114
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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