Optimization of Virtual Loudspeakers for Spatial Room Acoustics Reproduction with Headphones

Otto Puomio, Jukka Pätynen, Tapio Lokki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
117 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The use of headphones in reproducing spatial sound is becoming more and more popular. For instance, virtual reality applications often use head-tracking to keep the binaurally reproduced auditory environment stable and to improve externalization. Here, we study one spatial sound reproduction method over headphones, in particular the positioning of the virtual loudspeakers. The paper presents an algorithm that optimizes the positioning of virtual reproduction loudspeakers to reduce the computational cost in head-tracked real-time rendering. The listening test results suggest that listeners could discriminate the optimized loudspeaker arrays for renderings that reproduced a relatively simple acoustic conditions, but optimized array was not significantly different from equally spaced array for a reproduction of a more complex case. Moreover, the optimization seems to change the perceived openness and timbre, according to the verbal feedback of the test subjects
Original languageEnglish
Article number1282
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalAPPLIED SCIENCES
Volume7
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Dec 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • spatial audio
  • spatial sound reproduction
  • SDM
  • headphone reproduction
  • optimisation

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  • Projects

    ICHO: Immersive Concert for Homes (ICHO)

    Puomio, O., Lokki, T. & Riionheimo, J.

    01/09/201631/12/2020

    Project: Academy of Finland: Other research funding

    Perceptual nonlinear effects in concert hall acoustics

    Pätynen, J.

    01/09/201521/09/2018

    Project: Academy of Finland: Other research funding

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