Optimization and Multicriteria Evaluation of District Heat Production and Storage

Risto Lahdelma, Genku Kayo, Elnaz Abdollahi, Pekka Salminen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Climate change mitigation policy requires reducing dependence on fossil fuels and transition to low carbon energy production in district heating (DH). We study here inclusion of two kinds of renewable energy to a CHP based DH system in Finland: solar heat and ground source heat. In addition, we apply heat storages to balance the gap between production and fluctuating demand. The optimal operation of the extended systems is determined by a simulation and optimization model to minimize the operating costs. We evaluate the different possible extensions in terms of multiple economic, technical and environmental criteria using Stochastic Multicriteria Acceptability Analysis (SMAA). The results show that under Finnish conditions, ground source heat is more favourable than solar heat for DH.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNew Perspectives in Multiple Criteria Decision Making
Subtitle of host publicationInnovative Applications and Case Studies
EditorsMichalis Doumpos, José Rui Figueira, Salvatore Greco, Constantin Zopounidis
Number of pages26
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-11482-4
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-11481-7
Publication statusPublished - 2019
MoE publication typeA3 Book section, Chapters in research books

Publication series

NameMultiple Criteria Decision Making
ISSN (Print)2366-0023
ISSN (Electronic)2366-0031


  • Carbon-neutral
  • District heating
  • Heat-only production
  • Multicriteria decision analysis
  • SMAA


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