This paper proposes an optimal voltage regulation scheme (OVRS) for distribution systems with rich photovoltaic (PV). Various regulation devices are optimally controlled in a coordinated manner: PV inverter, D-STATCOM, step voltage regulator (SVR), and on-load-tap-changer (OLTC). A data structure algorithm is proposed to split the distribution system into layered zones considering the radial structure of the system. The solution process of the proposed scheme is accomplished by a meta-heuristic optimizer. OVRS addresses the voltage violations while yielding a coordinated operation of the various control devices. The proposed OVRS involves three control levels to completely prevent voltage violations. In the first control level, the PV inverter and D-STATCOM mitigate rapidly the local voltage deviation through injecting/absorbing optimized reactive power. The second control level is a decentralized-based control scheme that utilizes the voltage control devices in each zone to handle the voltage violations if any. For each zone, the control devices in the upper-stream zones (parent zones) are managed by the third control level to ensure cooperative control actions. The simulation results on the 119-bus distribution system, with clear, low fluctuation, and high fluctuation of solar radiation profiles, demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed OVRS.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||ELECTRIC POWER COMPONENTS AND SYSTEMS|
|Early online date||24 May 2021|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Jun 2021|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|