Optimal scheduling under variable electricity pricing and availability

Pedro M. Castro, Ignacio E. Grossmann, Iiro Harjunkoski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


This work addresses the scheduling of continuous plants subject to energy constraints related to time-dependent electricity pricing and availability. A Resource-Task Network continuous-time formulation is presented that can address these issues together with multiple intermediate due dates. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first model of its type that is able to effectively incorporate time-variable utility profiles. The validity of the approach is illustrated through the solution of a few example problems. When compared to a simple manual scheduling procedure, significant electricity savings can be achieved by switching production from periods of high to low electricity cost.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1695-1700
Number of pages6
JournalComputer Aided Chemical Engineering
Issue numberC
Publication statusPublished - 2009
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Continuous-time formulation
  • Decision-making tool
  • Energy

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