Optical Waveplates Based on Birefringence of Anisotropic Two-Dimensional Layered Materials

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Optical Waveplates Based on Birefringence of Anisotropic Two-Dimensional Layered Materials. / Yang, He; Jussila, Henri; Autere, Anton; Komsa, Hannu Pekka; Ye, Guojun; Chen, Xianhui; Hasan, Tawfique; Sun, Zhipei.

In: ACS Photonics, Vol. 4, No. 12, 20.12.2017, p. 3023-3030.

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Yang, He ; Jussila, Henri ; Autere, Anton ; Komsa, Hannu Pekka ; Ye, Guojun ; Chen, Xianhui ; Hasan, Tawfique ; Sun, Zhipei. / Optical Waveplates Based on Birefringence of Anisotropic Two-Dimensional Layered Materials. In: ACS Photonics. 2017 ; Vol. 4, No. 12. pp. 3023-3030.

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@article{d738b64914ce4421a3461c8684838c1c,
title = "Optical Waveplates Based on Birefringence of Anisotropic Two-Dimensional Layered Materials",
abstract = "Birefringence is an inherent optical property of anisotropic materials introduced by the anisotropic confinement in their crystal structures. It enables manipulation of light propagation properties (e.g., phase velocity, reflection, and refraction) for various photonic and optoelectronic applications, including waveplates and liquid crystal displays. Two-dimensional (2D) layered materials with high anisotropy are currently gaining an increasing interest for polarization-integrated nanodevice applications, which advances the research on birefringent materials. In this article, we investigate the optical birefringence of three anisotropic 2D layered materials (black phosphorus (BP), rhenium disulfide (ReS2), and rhenium diselenide (ReSe2)). We demonstrate that the birefringence in BP (∼0.245) is ∼6× larger than that of ReS2 (∼0.037) and ReSe2 (∼0.047) at 520 nm and is compared to that of the current state of the art bulk materials (e.g., CaCO3). We use these 2D materials to fabricate atomically thin optical waveplates and investigate their performance. In particular, for BP, we observe a polarization-plane rotation of ∼0.05° per atomic layer at 520 nm. Our results show that the relatively large birefringence of anisotropic 2D layered materials can enable accurate manipulation of light polarization with atomically controlled device thickness for various applications where integrated, nanoscale polarization-controllers are required.",
keywords = "anisotropic, birefringence, black phosphorus, rhenium diselenide, rhenium disulfide, Two-Dimensional layered materials, waveplates",
author = "He Yang and Henri Jussila and Anton Autere and Komsa, {Hannu Pekka} and Guojun Ye and Xianhui Chen and Tawfique Hasan and Zhipei Sun",
year = "2017",
month = "12",
day = "20",
doi = "10.1021/acsphotonics.7b00507",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
pages = "3023--3030",
journal = "ACS Photonics",
issn = "2330-4022",
number = "12",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Optical Waveplates Based on Birefringence of Anisotropic Two-Dimensional Layered Materials

AU - Yang, He

AU - Jussila, Henri

AU - Autere, Anton

AU - Komsa, Hannu Pekka

AU - Ye, Guojun

AU - Chen, Xianhui

AU - Hasan, Tawfique

AU - Sun, Zhipei

PY - 2017/12/20

Y1 - 2017/12/20

N2 - Birefringence is an inherent optical property of anisotropic materials introduced by the anisotropic confinement in their crystal structures. It enables manipulation of light propagation properties (e.g., phase velocity, reflection, and refraction) for various photonic and optoelectronic applications, including waveplates and liquid crystal displays. Two-dimensional (2D) layered materials with high anisotropy are currently gaining an increasing interest for polarization-integrated nanodevice applications, which advances the research on birefringent materials. In this article, we investigate the optical birefringence of three anisotropic 2D layered materials (black phosphorus (BP), rhenium disulfide (ReS2), and rhenium diselenide (ReSe2)). We demonstrate that the birefringence in BP (∼0.245) is ∼6× larger than that of ReS2 (∼0.037) and ReSe2 (∼0.047) at 520 nm and is compared to that of the current state of the art bulk materials (e.g., CaCO3). We use these 2D materials to fabricate atomically thin optical waveplates and investigate their performance. In particular, for BP, we observe a polarization-plane rotation of ∼0.05° per atomic layer at 520 nm. Our results show that the relatively large birefringence of anisotropic 2D layered materials can enable accurate manipulation of light polarization with atomically controlled device thickness for various applications where integrated, nanoscale polarization-controllers are required.

AB - Birefringence is an inherent optical property of anisotropic materials introduced by the anisotropic confinement in their crystal structures. It enables manipulation of light propagation properties (e.g., phase velocity, reflection, and refraction) for various photonic and optoelectronic applications, including waveplates and liquid crystal displays. Two-dimensional (2D) layered materials with high anisotropy are currently gaining an increasing interest for polarization-integrated nanodevice applications, which advances the research on birefringent materials. In this article, we investigate the optical birefringence of three anisotropic 2D layered materials (black phosphorus (BP), rhenium disulfide (ReS2), and rhenium diselenide (ReSe2)). We demonstrate that the birefringence in BP (∼0.245) is ∼6× larger than that of ReS2 (∼0.037) and ReSe2 (∼0.047) at 520 nm and is compared to that of the current state of the art bulk materials (e.g., CaCO3). We use these 2D materials to fabricate atomically thin optical waveplates and investigate their performance. In particular, for BP, we observe a polarization-plane rotation of ∼0.05° per atomic layer at 520 nm. Our results show that the relatively large birefringence of anisotropic 2D layered materials can enable accurate manipulation of light polarization with atomically controlled device thickness for various applications where integrated, nanoscale polarization-controllers are required.

KW - anisotropic

KW - birefringence

KW - black phosphorus

KW - rhenium diselenide

KW - rhenium disulfide

KW - Two-Dimensional layered materials

KW - waveplates

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85038584947&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1021/acsphotonics.7b00507

DO - 10.1021/acsphotonics.7b00507

M3 - Article

VL - 4

SP - 3023

EP - 3030

JO - ACS Photonics

JF - ACS Photonics

SN - 2330-4022

IS - 12

ER -

ID: 16790911