Optical Modification of 2D Materials: Methods and Applications

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2D materials are under extensive research due to their remarkable properties suitable for various optoelectronic, photonic, and biological applications, yet their conventional fabrication methods are typically harsh and cost-ineffective. Optical modification is demonstrated as an effective and scalable method for accurate and local in situ engineering and patterning of 2D materials in ambient conditions. This review focuses on the state of the art of optical modification of 2D materials and their applications. Perspectives for future developments in this field are also discussed, including novel laser tools, new optical modification strategies, and their emerging applications in quantum technologies and biotechnologies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2110152
Number of pages19
JournalAdvanced Materials
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 13 Mar 2022
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal


  • 2D materials
  • bandgap engineering
  • biological applications
  • laser patterning
  • optical synthesis
  • optoelectronic applications
  • surface engineering


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