Open coating with natural wax particles enables scalable, non-toxic hydrophobation of cellulose-based textiles

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Abstract

Environmental benign cellulosic textiles are hampered by their tendency to absorb water, which restricts their use in functional clothing. Herein we describe a method to functionalize textile surfaces using thin, open coatings based on natural wax particles and natural polymers rendering cellulosic fabrics water-repellent while retaining their feel and breathability. The impact of curing temperature, cationic polymer and fabric properties on wetting and long-term water-repellency were studied using contact angle measurements and scanning electron microscopy. The wetting properties were correlated to roughness of the textiles using white light interferometer. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy revealed the surface chemical composition, leading to fundamental understanding of the effect of annealing on the wax layer. Breathability was evaluated by water vapor permeability. The optimal curing temperature was 70 °C. The developed coating performed well on different natural textiles, and better than commercial alternatives. A set of garment prototypes were produced using the coating.
Original languageEnglish
Article number115363
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume227
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Wax particles
  • Surface roughness
  • Hydrophobic textile
  • Layer-by-layer
  • Breathability
  • Non-toxic

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    Anna Rissanen (Manager)

    Aalto University

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