On the Property Rights in Finland - The Point of View of Legal Cadastral Domain Model

    Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisMonograph

    Abstract

    During the past ten years in the field of surveying and land management there has been increasing awareness of the importance of registration of property rights and exchange of cadastral data between nations. The need for information exchange has generated the need for standardized terminology and systems. In this research, focus has been laid on ISO standard approved in 2012, the Land Administration Domain Model and its possible future legal extension, the Legal Cadastral Domain Model. The study explores the real property rights in the Finnish cadastral system. It also shows how the registration of property rights has been handled in different times. The international models, namely the Land Administration Domain Model and the Legal Cadastral Domain Model, are studied, along with their suitability for the Finnish system, and a proposal for registration of property rights in Finland is made. In this research, the Finnish cadastral system is modelled by using object-oriented modelling. In order to create a basis for international knowledge exchange, the Finnish system is compared with the Land Administration Domain Model and the Legal Cadastral Domain Model. The model for Finland is generated from the administrative element of Land Administration Domain Model, as it this is the part of the model that is the most affected by Legal Cadastral Domain Model. Finnish property rights are divided into private and public rights according to the categories in Legal Cadastral Domain Model and each right is individually introduced. Property to property right, person to property right, common, latent right and monetary liability as well as public advantages and public restrictions are presented. In conclusion, this study shows that there is a need to simplify the system of property rights in Finland and also to deconstruct the concept of real property as it is defined in the legislation. These actions will help to implement the Land Administration Domain Model in Finland in the future.
    Translated title of the contributionKiinteistöjärjestelmän käsitemallit kiinteistöön kohdistuvien oikeuksien rekisteröimisen tukena Suomessa
    Original languageEnglish
    QualificationDoctor's degree
    Awarding Institution
    • Aalto University
    Supervisors/Advisors
    • Vitikainen, Arvo, Supervising Professor
    Publisher
    Print ISBNs978-952-60-5915-0
    Electronic ISBNs978-952-60-5916-7
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    MoE publication typeG4 Doctoral dissertation (monograph)

    Keywords

    • cadastre
    • cadastral system
    • ISO 19152
    • Land Administration Domain Model
    • Legal Cadastral Domain Model
    • property-to-property right
    • common
    • person-to-property right
    • latent right
    • monetary liability
    • easement
    • special interest

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