On the cause of solar-like equatorward migration in global convective dynamo simulations

Jörn Warnecke, Petri J. Käpylä, Maarit J. Käpylä, Axel Brandenburg

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    Abstract

    We present results from four convectively driven stellar dynamo simulations in spherical wedge geometry. All of these simulations produce cyclic and migrating mean magnetic fields. Through detailed comparisons, we show that the migration direction can be explained by an αΩ dynamo wave following the Parker-Yoshimura rule. We conclude that the equatorward migration in this and previous work is due to a positive (negative) α effect in the northern (southern) hemisphere and a negative radial gradient of Ω outside the inner tangent cylinder of these models. This idea is supported by a strong correlation between negative radial shear and toroidal field strength in the region of equatorward propagation.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article numberL12
    Number of pages6
    JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
    Volume796
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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