On-Shaft Wireless Vibration Measurement Unit and Signal Processing Method for Torsional and Lateral Vibration

Ivar Koene*, Sampo Haikonen, Tuomas Tiainen, Joni Keski-Rahkonen, Mikael Manngard, Raine Viitala

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
36 Downloads (Pure)


Microelectromechanical systems accelerometers have opened new possibilities for vibration monitoring of a rotating machinery. They enable mounting accelerometers directly to the rotating component of the machine, e.g., shaft. This enables not only the measurement of a lateral vibration but also a torsional vibration of the machine. This increases the vibration data gathered from the machine by one measurement instrument. This article presents an on-shaft wireless universal measurement unit (UMU) with innovative combination of features, such as a high measurement range and easy mounting. The UMU has a two-sensor configuration where two accelerometers are mounted to the opposite sides of a shaft. This enables to utilize a novel signal processing method to separate torsional and lateral vibration from the data. The signal processing method combines and modifies methods presented in the published literature. The results presented in this article demonstrate that the UMU together with the presented signal processing method can measure frequencies of torsional and lateral vibration accurately. However, the amplitude comparison between the UMU and reference sensors cannot be done adequately because they are measuring either different components of the machine or different physical properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5857-5868
Number of pages12
Issue number6
Early online date27 Jul 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Accelerometers
  • Vibrations
  • Sensors
  • Shafts
  • Vibration measurement
  • Signal processing
  • Gravity
  • Accelerometer
  • condition monitoring
  • lateral vibration
  • microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)
  • torsional vibration


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