Occurrence and function of enzymes for lignocellulose degradation in commercial Agaricus bisporus cultivation

Research output: Contribution to journalReview Article


  • Mirjam A. Kabel
  • Edita Jurak
  • Miia R. Mäkelä
  • Ronald P. De Vries

Research units

  • Wageningen University & Research
  • Utrecht University
  • University of Helsinki


The white button mushroom Agaricus bisporus is economically the most important commercially produced edible fungus. It is grown on carbon- and nitrogen-rich substrates, such as composted cereal straw and animal manure. The commercial mushroom production process is usually performed in buildings or tunnels under highly controlled environmental conditions. In nature, the basidiomycete A. bisporus has a significant impact on the carbon cycle in terrestrial ecosystems as a saprotrophic decayer of leaf litter. In this mini-review, the fate of the compost plant cell wall structures, xylan, cellulose and lignin, is discussed. A comparison is made from the structural changes observed to the occurrence and function of enzymes for lignocellulose degradation present, with a special focus on the extracellular enzymes produced by A. bisporus. In addition, recent advancements in whole genome level molecular studies in various growth stages of A. bisporus in compost are reviewed.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4363–4369
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2017
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal

    Research areas

  • Agaricus bisporus, Enzymes, Genome, Lignin, Xylan structure

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