By means of high-resolution O K-edge and Cu L23-edge x-ray absorption near-edge-structure spectroscopy continuous increase of the CuO2-plane hole concentration with increasing Casubstitution level has been established for the superconductive, oxygen-depleted (z≈0)(Pb2/3Cu1/3)3Sr2(Y1−xCax)Cu2O8+z[(Pb2/3Cu1/3)−3212] phase with a three-layer PbO-Cu-PbO charge-reservoir block. For the O K-edge absorption, a pre-edge peak at ∼528.3 eV is seen, originating from the excitation of the O 1s electron to the O 2p hole state located in the CuO2 plane. With increasing Ca-substitution level, the intensity of this peak continuously increases within the substitution range studied, i.e., 0<~x<~0.5. Consistently, with increasing x, the shoulder on the high-energy side of the main absorption peak at ∼932.0 eV in the Cu L23-edge spectra, i.e., a feature typically assigned to formally trivalent copper, enhances. From the Cu L23-edge spectra it was furthermore confirmed that the charge-reservoir copper remains in the monovalent state, indicating that the holes created through Ca substitution are directed solely into the superconductive CuO2 plane. In terms of increasing the CuO2-plane hole concentration, Ca substitution was found to work more efficiently in (Pb2/3Cu1/3)−3212 as compared to, e.g., the related Bi-2212 phase.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Physical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics)|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|