Numerical modelling approach for considering effects of surface integrity on micro-crack formation

J. Nafar Dastgerdi*, F. Sheibanian, H. Remes, P. Lehto, H. Hosseini Toudeshky

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
123 Downloads (Pure)


This work studies the simultaneous effects of surface roughness and residual stress on the micro-crack formation under peak load conditions. The manufacturing process of e.g. steel components influences the surface topography and the material microstructure. These changes affect the surface integrity, which in turn define the component's mechanical properties such as fatigue strength. This paper introduces an efficient finite-element based approach to analyze the influence of surface roughness, residual stress, and microstructural composition on micro-crack formation mechanism during monotonic peak load. The proposed approach combines surface roughness profiles, a ductile fracture criterion and a layer-wise residual stress definition for an approach that is suitable for surface integrity analysis. An inverse numerical-experimental approach is presented for the calibration of the ductile fracture criterion under different stress states. The developed approach is applied to a sandblasted S690 high strength steel, in which the surface integrity has been altered by the manufacturing process. The possibility of crack initiation in the vicinity of critical micro notches is investigated, and the influence of surface roughness and residual stresses is studied. The proposed modelling principles and calibration approach can be employed for other materials and surface profiles.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106387
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Constructional Steel Research
Early online date3 Oct 2020
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Finite element method
  • Micro-crack formation
  • Residual stresses
  • Surface roughness


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