Numerical evidence on deflagration fronts in a methane/n-dodecane dual-fuel shear layer under engine relevant conditions

Jeevananthan Kannan*, Shervin Karimkashi, Mahmoud Gadalla, Ossi Kaario, Ville Vuorinen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
49 Downloads (Pure)


To date, high resolution spray-assisted dual-fuel (DF) studies have focused on capturing the ignition process while the subsequent post-ignition events have been largely neglected due to modeling requirements and high computational cost. Here, we use a simplified approach for studying ignition front evolution after ignition. Three-dimensional scale-resolved simulations of igniting shear layers (0≤Re≤1500) are studied to better understand reaction fronts in engine-relevant conditions. We carry out quasi-DNS in a DF combustion setup consisting of premixed n-dodecane/methane/air/EGR at 700K as a fuel stream and premixed methane/air as the oxidizer at a pressure of 60 atmospheres and an ambient temperature of 900 K. The flow solution resolution is δ/10, where δ=laminar flame thickness. The present study primarily focuses on the hypothesized flame formation and its characterization. Under these conditions, the simulations indicate two-stage ignition further leading to reaction front initiation and dual-fuel flame establishment. For Re<1500, a reaction front resembling DF deflagration is demonstrated close to the auto-ignition timescales. At Re=1500, mixing effects promote more rapid dilution and the DF deflagration front formation is slightly delayed although still observed. For the first time, at rather short timescales of 0.2−0.4 IDT (ignition delay time) after the ignition, we provide numerical evidence on DF deflagration front emergence in shear-driven DF combustion processes via 3D numerical simulations for 0<Re≤1500.

Original languageEnglish
Article number128100
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2023
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Deflagration
  • Dual-fuel
  • Flame initiation
  • Methane
  • n-dodecane


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