Nuclear reaction analysis as a tool for the 3He thermal evolution in Li2TiO3 ceramics

E. Carella*, T. Sauvage, R. Bès, B. Courtois, M. González

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Li2TiO3 ceramic is one of the promising solid breeding candidates for fuel generation in deuterium-tritium Fusion reactors. The Tritium (T) release characteristics consist of a complex combination of gas diffusion stages inside the solid. Considering that this ceramic will produce high concentration of gaseous transmutation products (3H and 4He) when exposed to high-energy neutrons, there are considerable interests in studying 3He thermal evolution for the fundamental understanding of the light ion behavior in breeder blanket materials under reactor conditions. 3He atoms used to simulate the 4He incorporation were implanted by a 600 keV ion beam at a fluence of 10 17 at/cm2 and the 3He(d,α)1H nuclear reaction analysis (NRA) technique was subsequently used to study depth profiles evolution after different thermal annealing treatments. The release experiments showed that 3He outgassing is not effective at room temperature, remaining quite negligible till 300 °C. After this temperature, the 3He content in the sample reduces steadily with increasing the annealing temperature, and less than 5% of the initial 3He concentration was found at 900 °C after an isochronal annealing, without significant depth-profile broadening. Scanning and transmission electron microscopies characterization highlight the microstructural changes of the implanted and annealed ceramic within the nuclear cascades zone. The correlation of results obtained by electron microscopy and NRA technique leads to the conclusion that the helium release is governed by a transport mechanism that involves rapid migration/diffusion through interconnected gas cavities and resulting microcracks before reaching grain boundaries and opened pores.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-89
Number of pages5
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2014
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Breeder blanket ceramics
  • Fusion energy
  • NRA
  • TEM

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