Nuclear ferromagnetic ordering in silver at negative nanokelvin temperatures

P. J. Hakonen*, R. T. Vuorinen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nuclear ferromagnetic ordering in silver, caused by the antiferromagnetic Ruderman-Kittel interactions, has been observed at negative absolute temperatures T>-1.9 nK. The ordered states, reached by adiabatic demagnetization after population inversion at initial entropies Sc=0.82 ℜ ln2, are described by a saturation of susceptibility to -1 and by nonhysteretic response to an external field. These observations are consistent with the domain configurations calculated by Viertiö and Oja in the mean field theory. The experimental critical entropy, however, does not agree with theoretical calculations. In addition to our NMR measurements leading to these findings, we also discuss basic thermodynamics at T

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-186
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Low Temperature Physics
Volume89
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1992
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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