Novel thin functional coatings for paper by foam coating

Karita Kinnunen-Raudaskoski*, Tuomo Hjelt, Ulla Forsström, Patrizia Sadocco, Jouni Paltakari

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview Articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Conventional coating methods are currently being challenged by newly developed technologies that can result in products with interesting properties and competitive prices. Versatile foam coating is one such promising technology. Foam coating is carried out using different foam application methods, and the viscoelastic nature of the foam allows the use of a large variety of materials. Paper was coated with nanomaterials on a pilot scale using a method based on slot die application combined with foam destruction by absorption and infrared drying. A thin layer of titanium dioxide/zinc oxide (TiO2/ZnO) functionalized cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) creates antimicrobial properties in the paper, and a thin layer of CNF-TiO2 alone has substantial ability to oxidize nitric oxide (NO) and nitrogen oxides (NOx). These results illustrate methods that can be used to create novel functional properties for different end-use applications. Thin functional layers could bring added value to current products and also create opportunities to introduce novel products for several industrial areas using web-type manufacturing processes.

Application: The versatile foam coating method, using foam as a transferring media, allows manufacturers to modify web surfaces with a large variety of materials, from nanoparticles to highly viscous material such as cellulose nanofibers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-186
Number of pages8
JournalTAPPI Journal
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2017
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal


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