Noninvasive Thermometer Based on the Zero-Bias Anomaly of a Superconducting Junction for Ultrasensitive Calorimetry

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We present radiofrequency thermometry based on a tunnel junction between a superconductor and proximitized normal metal. It allows operation in a wide range of biasing conditions. We demonstrate that the standard finite-bias quasiparticle tunneling thermometer suffers from large dissipation and loss of sensitivity at low temperatures, whereas thermometry based on a zero-bias anomaly avoids both of these problems. For these reasons, the latter method is suitable down to lower temperatures, here to about 25 mK. Both thermometers are shown to measure the same local temperature of the electrons in the normal metal in the range of their applicability.


Original languageEnglish
Article number054048
Pages (from-to)1-7
JournalPhysical Review Applied
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 20 Nov 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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