Non-local parity measurements and the quantum pigeonhole effect

G. S. Paraoanu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
100 Downloads (Pure)


The pigeonhole principle upholds the idea that by ascribing to three different particles either one of two properties, we necessarily end up in a situation when at least two of the particles have the same property. In quantum physics, this principle is violated in experiments involving postselection of the particles in appropriately-chosen states. Here, we give two explicit constructions using standard gates and measurements that illustrate this fact. Intriguingly, the procedures described are manifestly non-local, which demonstrates that the correlations needed to observe the violation of this principle can be created without direct interactions between particles.

Original languageEnglish
Article number606
Pages (from-to)1-6
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Controlled-NOT
  • Entanglement
  • Non-locality
  • Parity measurements
  • Pigeonhole principle

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