NMR and axial magnetic field textures in stationary and rotating superfluid3He-B

P. J. Hakonen*, Matti Krusius, M. M. Salomaa, R. H. Salmelin, J.T. Simola, A. D. Gongadze, G. E. Vachnadze, G. A. Kharadze

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

63 Citations (Scopus)


We have performed NMR measurements on the flare-out texture of superfluid3He-B in a cylindrical container of 5 mm diameter in axial magnetic fields of 28.4 and 56.9 mT. The transverse cw NMR spectra have been analyzed both with respect to their overall shape and the spin-wave absorption peaks close to the Larmor frequency. Our analysis of the stationary state spectra, based on texture computations, yields the longitudinal resonance frequency vL (T), the magnetic healing length ξH(T), and the dipolar length ξD(T), which we report for pressures below 29 bar. A lattice of quantized vortex lines appears in the rotating state, and two additional textural free energy terms have to be included in the analysis. One of the terms is linear in the applied magnetic field and arises from the spontaneous magnetization of the vortex cores. The second term is quadratic in magnetic field; it is generated both by the superflow field vs(r) about the vortex core and the difference in the induced magnetizations of the vortex-core and the bulk superfluids. The rotational orienting effects have been studied for rotation speeds β up to 2 red/sec.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-283
Number of pages59
JournalJournal of Low Temperature Physics
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1989
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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