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Membrane contactor technology affords great opportunities for nitrogen recovery from waste streams. This study presents a performance comparison between lab- and pilot-scale membrane contactors using landfill leachate samples. Polypropylene (PP) and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) fibers in different dimensions were compared in terms of ammonia (NH3) recovery on a lab scale using a synthetic ammonium solution. The effect of pre-treating the leachate with tannin coagulation on nitrogen recovery was also evaluated. An ammonia transfer on the lab and pilot scale was scrutinized using landfill leachate as a feed solution. It was found that PTFE fibers performed better than PP fibers. Among PTFE fibers, the most porous one (denoted as M1) had the highest NH3 flux of 19.2 g/m2.h. Tannin pre-treatment reduced fouling and increased NH3, which in turn improved nitrogen recovery. The mass transfer coefficient of the lab-scale reactor was more than double that of the pilot reactor (1.80 × 10−7 m/s vs. 4.45 × 10−7 m/s). This was likely attributed to the difference in reactor design. An analysis of the membrane surface showed that the landfill leachate caused a combination of inorganic and organic fouling. Cleaning with UV and 0.01 M H2O2 was capable of removing the fouling completely and restoring the membrane characteristics.
|Number of pages||17|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2022|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
- ammonia transfer rate
- landfill leachate
- membrane contactor
- membrane fouling
- nutrient recovery
FingerprintDive into the research topics of 'Nitrogen Recovery from Landfill Leachate Using Lab- and Pilot-Scale Membrane Contactors : Research into Fouling Development and Membrane Characterization Effects'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.
- 1 Finished
NPHarvest2: Typen ja fosforin talteenotto nestemäisistä jätteistä- demolaitoksen uudistaminen, lopputuotteen jatkokäsittely
Mikola, A., Kaljunen, J. & Righetto, I.
01/01/2020 → 30/11/2020
Project: Other external funding: Other government funding