NiTiCu alloy from elemental and alloyed powders using vat photopolymerization additive manufacturing

Mehrdad Mousapour*, Jouni Partanen, Mika Salmi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
13 Downloads (Pure)


The metal vat photopolymerization technique (MVP) has high potential for metal part production because of its high accuracy, speed, and flexibility. However, low density, poor mechanical properties, and effects of sintering parameters on the properties are some of the challenges in MVP. This paper is the first to investigate the possibility of producing a NiTiCu metal alloy using VP from Ni, Ti, and Cu elemental and mechanically alloyed powders. The effect of particle size distribution and solid content on the physical and mechanical properties is also studied and compared. The results indicate that all three elements are homogeneously distributed in the whole print without premixing the powders, which considerably reduces processing time. Finer particle size and higher solid content also improve densification degree, hardness, flexural strength, and surface quality of the final parts. The measured surface roughness (Ra) of NiTiCu was 6.42 µm and 10.31 µm for milled and elemental powders, respectively. However, the mechanical properties of NiTiCu produced by VP in this study remain insufficient and in need of further improvement.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103853
Number of pages9
JournalAdditive Manufacturing
Publication statusPublished - 25 Sept 2023
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Additive manufacturing (AM)
  • Elemental powder
  • Mechanical alloying
  • NiTi-based alloys
  • Stereolithography


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