New s-Block Metal Pyridinedicarboxylate Network Structures through Gas-Phase Thin-Film Synthesis

Jenna Penttinen, Mikko Nisula, Maarit Karppinen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


The combined atomic and molecular layer deposition (ALD/MLD) technique offers a unique way to build—both known and previously unknown—crystalline coordination polymer materials directly from gaseous precursors in a high-quality thin-film form. Here, we demonstrate the ALD/MLD of crystalline Li-, Na-, and K-based 3,5-pyridinedicarboxylate (3,5-PDC) thin films; the Li2-3,5-PDC films are of the known Li-ULMOF-4 crystal structure whereas the other as-deposited crystalline films possess structures not previously reported. Another exciting possibility offered by ALD/MLD is the deposition of well-defined but amorphous metal–organic thin films, such as our Mg-, Ca-, Sr-, and Ba-based 3,5-PDC films, which can then be crystallized into water-containing structures through a post-deposition humidity treatment. All together, the new metal–organic structures realized in this study through ALD/MLD comprise a majority of the (anhydrous and water-containing) members of the s-block metal 3,5-pyridinedicarboxylate family.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11466-11473
JournalChemistry: A European Journal
Issue number49
Publication statusPublished - 2 Sept 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • alkaline earth metals
  • alkaline metals
  • atomic layer deposition
  • metal–organic frameworks
  • molecular layer deposition
  • thin films


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