New insights in Al-doping effects on the LiNiO2 positive electrode material by a sol-gel method

Xiangze Kong, Donglin Li*, Ekaterina O. Fedorovskaya, Tanja Kallio*, Xuqiang Ren

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The LiNiO2 (LNO) positive electrode material is one of the most promising high-voltage alternatives for the layered oxide materials such as LiCoO2 (LCO). However, the poor cyclability still limits widespread commercialization of LNO, whereas crack formation is one of the main issues leading to its premature aging. In this study, a series of Al-doped LNO (LiNi1-xAlxO2, x = 0, 0.02, 0.04, 0.06) positive electrode materials are synthetized via a simple sol-gel method. Overall, this study aims at providing new insights of the sol-gel method and Al-doped strategy for LNO positive electrode materials. The synthesis is found to readily yield in small nanosized crystals, which alleviate the cracking issue. Besides, the optimized Al-doping amount (2 at%) in LNO decreases cation mixing and primary particle size resulting in improved layered structure stability attributed to more reversible H2-H3 phase transitions. As a result, the assembled lithium ion batteries equipped with LiNi0.98Al0.02O2 can smoothly run for 400 cycles with a relatively high capacity retention of 81% at 100 mA g(-1) charging-discharging and a wide operating voltage window of 2.5-4.5 V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10489-10499
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Energy Research
Volume45
Issue number7
Early online date12 Feb 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Al doping
  • Co-free positive electrode
  • Li-ion batteries
  • LiNiO2
  • sol-gel method

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