New insight in the uranium valence state determination in UyNd1−yO2±x

Rene Bes, Kristina Kvashnina, Andreas Rossberg, Gianinna Dottavio, Lionel Desgranges, Yves Pontillon, Pier Lorenzo Solari, Sergei Butorin, Philippe Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


The charge compensation mechanisms in UyNd1−yO2±x and its consequence on the overall O stoichiometry (or O/M ratio where M = Nd + U) have been studied through the uranium valence state mixture evolution as a function of Nd content up to y = 0.62 by means of high energy resolution fluorescence detection X-ray absorption spectroscopy (HERFD-XAS) at the U M4-edge. Our results clearly demonstrate the formation of U5+ at low Nd content (y 0.15). Upon increasing the Nd content, oxygen vacancies and the formation of U6+ appear as competing mechanisms for intermediate Nd concentrations, leading to the co-existence of U4+/U5+/U6+ mixed valence and an overall hypostoichiometry (O/M 2.00). Finally, the formation of U6+ associated with strongly distorted U local environment is observed for high Nd concentrations (y = 0.62), leading to an overall hyperstoichiometry (O/M 2.00).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-150
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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