Neutron diffraction study of a non-stoichiometric Ni-Mn-Ga MSM ALLOY

Pnina Ari-Gur*, V. Ovidiu Garlea, Ashley Coke, Yanling Ge, Ilkka Aaltio, Simo-Pekka Hannula, Huibo Cao, Amila Sb Madiligama, Victor Koledov

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The structure and chemical order of a Heusler alloy of non-stoichiometric composition Ni-Mn-Ga were studied using constant-wavelength (1.538 Å) neutron diffraction at 363K and the diffraction pattern was refined using the FullProf software. At this temperature the structure is austenite (cubic) with Fm-3m space group and lattice constant of a = 5.83913(4) [Å]. The chemical order is of critical importance in these alloys, as Mn becomes antiferromagnetic when the atoms are closer than the radius of the 3d shell. In the studied alloy the refinement of the site occupancy showed that the 4b (Ga site) contained as much as 22% Mn; that significantly alters the distances between the Mn atoms in the crystal and, as a result, also the exchange energy between some of the Mn atoms. Based on the refinement, the composition was determined to be Ni1.91Mn1.29Ga0.8.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-107
Number of pages5
JournalMaterials Science Forum
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2013
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Chemical order
  • Magnetic shape memory
  • Neutron diffraction
  • Ni-Mn-Ga alloy
  • Rietveld method
  • Structure refinement


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