Negative Temperature for Negative Lapse Function

G. E. Volovik*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Fermion dynamics distinguishes spacetimes having the same metric g μν , but different tetrads e μa , and in particular, it distinguishes a lapse with negative sign, N < 0 (M. Christodoulou, A. Riello, and C. Rovelli, Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 21, 1242014 (2012)). Here, we show that the quasiequilibrium thermodynamic state may exist, in which the region with N < 0 has negative local temperature T(r) < 0, while the global Tolman temperature T 0 remains positive. For bosons, only N 2 matters. However, if bosons are composite, they may inherit negative T(r) from the fermions, and thus they may distinguish the spacetimes with positive and negative lapse functions via thermodynamics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-11
Number of pages4
JournalJETP Letters
Issue number1
Early online date1 Jan 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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