Nearly Periodic Maps and Geometric Integration of Noncanonical Hamiltonian Systems

J. W. Burby*, E. Hirvijoki, M. Leok

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
31 Downloads (Pure)


M. Kruskal showed that each continuous-time nearly periodic dynamical system admits a formal U(1)-symmetry, generated by the so-called roto-rate. When the nearly periodic system is also Hamiltonian, Noether’s theorem implies the existence of a corresponding adiabatic invariant. We develop a discrete-time analog of Kruskal’s theory. Nearly periodic maps are defined as parameter-dependent diffeomorphisms that limit to rotations along a U(1)-action. When the limiting rotation is non-resonant, these maps admit formal U(1)-symmetries to all orders in perturbation theory. For Hamiltonian nearly periodic maps on exact presymplectic manifolds, we prove that the formal U(1)-symmetry gives rise to a discrete-time adiabatic invariant using a discrete-time extension of Noether’s theorem. When the unperturbed U(1)-orbits are contractible, we also find a discrete-time adiabatic invariant for mappings that are merely presymplectic, rather than Hamiltonian. As an application of the theory, we use it to develop a novel technique for geometric integration of non-canonical Hamiltonian systems on exact symplectic manifolds.

Original languageEnglish
Article number38
Number of pages43
JournalJournal of Nonlinear Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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