Naturalistic fMRI mapping reveals superior temporal sulcus as the hub for the distributed brain network for social perception

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@article{13f0cfa0fe04468e8708e1f7a9d9658b,
title = "Naturalistic fMRI mapping reveals superior temporal sulcus as the hub for the distributed brain network for social perception",
abstract = "Despite the abundant data on brain networks processing static social signals, such as pictures of faces, the neural systems supporting social perception in naturalistic conditions are still poorly understood. Here we delineated brain networks subserving social perception under naturalistic conditions in 19 healthy humans who watched, during 3-T functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), a set of 137 short (approximately 16 s each, total 27 min) audiovisual movie clips depicting pre-selected social signals. Two independent raters estimated how well each clip represented eight social features (faces, human bodies, biological motion, goal-oriented actions, emotion, social interaction, pain, and speech) and six filler features (places, objects, rigid motion, people not in social interaction, non-goal-oriented action, and non-human sounds) lacking social content. These ratings were used as predictors in the fMRI analysis. The posterior superior temporal sulcus (STS) responded to all social features but not to any non-social features, and the anterior STS responded to all social features except bodies and biological motion. We also found four partially segregated, extended networks for processing of specific social signals: (1) a fronto-temporal network responding to multiple social categories, (2) a fronto-parietal network preferentially activated to bodies, motion, and pain, (3) a temporo-amygdalar network responding to faces, social interaction, and speech, and (4) a fronto-insular network responding to pain, emotions, social interactions, and speech. Our results highlight the role of the pSTS in processing multiple aspects of social information, as well as the feasibility and efficiency of fMRI mapping under conditions that resemble the complexity of real life.",
keywords = "body, face, goal-oriented action, pain, posterior STS, social brain, social interaction, speech, body, face, goal-oriented action, pain, posterior STS, social brain, social interaction, speech, body, face, goal-oriented action, pain, posterior STS, social brain, social interaction, speech",
author = "J.M. Lahnakoski and E. Glerean and Juha Salmi and Iiro J{\"a}{\"a}skel{\"a}inen and Mikko Sams and R. Hari and L. Nummenmaa",
year = "2012",
month = "8",
day = "13",
doi = "10.3389/fnhum.2012.00233",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "1--14",
journal = "FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE",
issn = "1662-5161",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Naturalistic fMRI mapping reveals superior temporal sulcus as the hub for the distributed brain network for social perception

AU - Lahnakoski, J.M.

AU - Glerean, E.

AU - Salmi, Juha

AU - Jääskeläinen, Iiro

AU - Sams, Mikko

AU - Hari, R.

AU - Nummenmaa, L.

PY - 2012/8/13

Y1 - 2012/8/13

N2 - Despite the abundant data on brain networks processing static social signals, such as pictures of faces, the neural systems supporting social perception in naturalistic conditions are still poorly understood. Here we delineated brain networks subserving social perception under naturalistic conditions in 19 healthy humans who watched, during 3-T functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), a set of 137 short (approximately 16 s each, total 27 min) audiovisual movie clips depicting pre-selected social signals. Two independent raters estimated how well each clip represented eight social features (faces, human bodies, biological motion, goal-oriented actions, emotion, social interaction, pain, and speech) and six filler features (places, objects, rigid motion, people not in social interaction, non-goal-oriented action, and non-human sounds) lacking social content. These ratings were used as predictors in the fMRI analysis. The posterior superior temporal sulcus (STS) responded to all social features but not to any non-social features, and the anterior STS responded to all social features except bodies and biological motion. We also found four partially segregated, extended networks for processing of specific social signals: (1) a fronto-temporal network responding to multiple social categories, (2) a fronto-parietal network preferentially activated to bodies, motion, and pain, (3) a temporo-amygdalar network responding to faces, social interaction, and speech, and (4) a fronto-insular network responding to pain, emotions, social interactions, and speech. Our results highlight the role of the pSTS in processing multiple aspects of social information, as well as the feasibility and efficiency of fMRI mapping under conditions that resemble the complexity of real life.

AB - Despite the abundant data on brain networks processing static social signals, such as pictures of faces, the neural systems supporting social perception in naturalistic conditions are still poorly understood. Here we delineated brain networks subserving social perception under naturalistic conditions in 19 healthy humans who watched, during 3-T functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), a set of 137 short (approximately 16 s each, total 27 min) audiovisual movie clips depicting pre-selected social signals. Two independent raters estimated how well each clip represented eight social features (faces, human bodies, biological motion, goal-oriented actions, emotion, social interaction, pain, and speech) and six filler features (places, objects, rigid motion, people not in social interaction, non-goal-oriented action, and non-human sounds) lacking social content. These ratings were used as predictors in the fMRI analysis. The posterior superior temporal sulcus (STS) responded to all social features but not to any non-social features, and the anterior STS responded to all social features except bodies and biological motion. We also found four partially segregated, extended networks for processing of specific social signals: (1) a fronto-temporal network responding to multiple social categories, (2) a fronto-parietal network preferentially activated to bodies, motion, and pain, (3) a temporo-amygdalar network responding to faces, social interaction, and speech, and (4) a fronto-insular network responding to pain, emotions, social interactions, and speech. Our results highlight the role of the pSTS in processing multiple aspects of social information, as well as the feasibility and efficiency of fMRI mapping under conditions that resemble the complexity of real life.

KW - body

KW - face

KW - goal-oriented action

KW - pain

KW - posterior STS

KW - social brain

KW - social interaction

KW - speech

KW - body

KW - face

KW - goal-oriented action

KW - pain

KW - posterior STS

KW - social brain

KW - social interaction

KW - speech

KW - body

KW - face

KW - goal-oriented action

KW - pain

KW - posterior STS

KW - social brain

KW - social interaction

KW - speech

UR - http://www.frontiersin.org/Journal/Abstract.aspx?ART_DOI=10.3389/fnhum.2012.00233&name=human_neuroscience

U2 - 10.3389/fnhum.2012.00233

DO - 10.3389/fnhum.2012.00233

M3 - Article

VL - 6

SP - 1

EP - 14

JO - FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE

JF - FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE

SN - 1662-5161

M1 - 233

ER -

ID: 961335