Nanomaterials Derived from Fungal Sources-Is It the New Hype?

Wan M.F.B.W. Nawawi, Mitchell Jones, Richard J. Murphy, Koon Yang Lee, Eero Kontturi, Alexander Bismarck*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview Articlepeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)
124 Downloads (Pure)


Greener alternatives to synthetic polymers are constantly being investigated and sought after. Chitin is a natural polysaccharide that gives structural support to crustacean shells, insect exoskeletons, and fungal cell walls. Like cellulose, chitin resides in nanosized structural elements that can be isolated as nanofibers and nanocrystals by various top-down approaches, targeted at disintegrating the native construct. Chitin has, however, been largely overshadowed by cellulose when discussing the materials aspects of the nanosized components. This Perspective presents a thorough overview of chitin-related materials research with an analytical focus on nanocomposites and nanopapers. The red line running through the text emphasizes the use of fungal chitin that represents several advantages over the more popular crustacean sources, particularly in terms of nanofiber isolation from the native matrix. In addition, many β-glucans are preserved in chitin upon its isolation from the fungal matrix, enabling new horizons for various engineering solutions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-55
Number of pages26
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jan 2020
MoE publication typeA2 Review article, Literature review, Systematic review


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