Multiwavelength observations of the blazar BL Lacertae: A new fast TeV γ-ray flare

Q. Feng, S. G. Jorstad, A. P. Marscher, M. L. Lister, Y. Y. Kovalev, A. B. Pushkarev, T. Savolainen, I. Agudo, S. N. Molina, J. L. Gomez, V. M. Larionov, G. A. Borman, A. A. Mokrushina, P. S. Smith

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Observations of fast TeV γ-ray flares from blazars reveal the extreme compactness of emitting regions in blazar jets. Combined with very-long-baseline radio interferometry measurements, they probe the structure and emission mechanism of the jet. We report on a fast TeV γ-ray flare from BL Lacertae observed by VERITAS, with a rise time of about 2.3 hours and a decay time of about 36 minutes. The peak flux at >200 GeV measured with the 4-minute binned light curve is (4.2 ±0.6) × 10-6 photons m-2 s-1, or ∼180% the Crab Nebula flux. Variability in GeV γ-ray, X-ray, and optical flux, as well as in optical and radio polarization was observed around the time of the TeV γ-ray flare. A possible superluminal knot was identified in the VLBA observations at 43 GHz. The flare constrains the size of the emitting region, and is consistent with several theoretical models with stationary shocks.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of Science
VolumePart F135186
Publication statusPublished - 2017
MoE publication typeA4 Conference publication
EventInternational Cosmic Ray Conference - Busan, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 10 Jul 201720 Jul 2017
Conference number: 35


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