Multiscale modeling of the solidification structure evolution of continuously cast steel blooms and slabs

Laurentiu Nastac, Mikko Kärkkäinen, Pilvi Hietanen, Seppo Louhenkilpi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review


An efficient multiscale mesoscopic modeling approach capable of accurately predicting the formation of the solidification structure during the continuous casting (CQ process was developed. The modeling approach consists of integrating a macroscopic model (TEMPS IMU3EHIDS) with a stochastic mesoscopic solidification structure model (SolMicro). The integrated model can predict the evolution of the grain morphology and the columnar-to-equiaxed transition (CET) and is compared against experimental measurements for low-alloyed steel blooms and slabs, with dimensions of T312mm×W372 mm×L31m and T280 mm×W1962 mm X L31m, respectively. The validated model was then applied to determine the effects of superheat on the solidification structure of CC processed steel slabs.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCFD Modeling and Simulation in Materials Processing 2016
Subtitle of host publicationRare Metal Technology 2016 - Held During TMS 2016: 145th Annual Meeting and Exhibition
PublisherMinerals, Metals & Materials Society
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781119225768, 9781119231073
ISBN (Print)9783319651323
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA4 Conference publication
EventTMS Annual Meeting and Exhibition - Nashville, United States
Duration: 14 Feb 201618 Feb 2016
Conference number: 145

Publication series

NameMinerals, Metals and Materials Series
VolumePart F2
ISSN (Print)2367-1181
ISSN (Electronic)2367-1696


ConferenceTMS Annual Meeting and Exhibition
Country/TerritoryUnited States


  • Blooms and slabs
  • Columnar-to-equiaxed transition
  • Continuous casting
  • Low alloying steels
  • Multiscale modeling
  • Solidification structure


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