Multi-objective Photovoltaic Sizing with Diverse Inverter Control Schemes in Distribution Systems Hosting EVs

Abdelfatah Ali, Karar Mahmoud, Matti Lehtonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
115 Downloads (Pure)


Worldwide, photovoltaic (PV) and electric vehicles (EVs) have intensively been integrated into distribution systems. As a result, different operational issues can be observed due to PV generation variability and EV stochastic characteristics. In this article, an optimal sizing approach of multiple PVs in the existence of EVs is proposed. The proposed approach minimizes both the total voltage deviations and overall energy losses, prevents active PV power curtailment, and considers numerous constraints of PV, EV, and the distribution system. The features of the proposed approach are the considerations of PV, EV, and load uncertainties via incorporating their probabilistic models. Besides, it models arrival/parting times of EVs, the required state of charge (SOC) of EV batteries based on initial SOCs and remaining parking periods, and controlled/uncontrolled charging. Furthermore, diverse control schemes of the interfacing PV inverter are formulated in the proposed optimization model. To effectively solve this comprehensive model with conflicting subfunctions and variables, a two-level multiobjective evolutionary algorithm based on decomposition with fuzzy sets is developed. The upper optimization level accurately optimizes the sizes of multiple PVs, while the lower one optimizes charging/discharging of EV batteries, PV inverter oversize, and PV reactive power. The results prove the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9264759
Pages (from-to) 5982-5992
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
Issue number9
Early online date19 Nov 2020
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Distribution systems
  • Electric vehicle
  • Photovoltaic
  • Voltage deviations
  • Energy losses


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