Multi-functional Ti6Al4V-CoCrMo implants fabricated by multi-material laser powder bed fusion technology: A disruptive material's design and manufacturing philosophy

F. Bartolomeu*, O. Carvalho, M. Gasik, F. S. Silva

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A home-made 3D Multi-Material Laser Powder Bed Fusion (3DMMLPBF) technology was exploited to manufacture novel multi-material Ti6Al4V–CoCrMo parts. This multi-material concept aims to bring to life a new and disruptive material's design concept for the acetabular cup. Only using a layer-by-layer approach it is possible to manufacture an acetabular cup capable to combine CoCrMo alloy wear resistance and Ti6Al4V alloy bone-friendly nature, in a single component, fabricated at once. This system works with multiple powder deposition functions and vacuum cleaning procedures allowing to use two different powders (Ti6Al4V and CoCrMo) in each layer and thus, allowing to construct 3D Multi-Material transition between distinct materials, point-by-point and layer-by-layer. In this sense, the manufacturing strategies and the functional transition between Ti6Al4V and CoCrMo with a mechanical interlocking were analyzed and discussed both from mechanical and metallurgical point of view. A small diffusion area and no evidence of defects or cracks can be found in the transition's regions between the distinct materials which are strong evidences of a solid metallurgical bonding at the interfacial regions of Ti6Al4V and CoCrMo materials. A functional transition is also obtained through a design capable to provide a 3D mechanical interlocking with potential of assuring, simultaneously, tensile and compressive strength. This proof of concept might be a step-ahead in Laser Powder Bed Fusion in which the most desired intrinsic of individual materials can be combined in a single component targeting biomedical disruptive solutions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105583
JournalJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Volume138
Early online date25 Nov 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • 3D multi-material
  • Acetabular cup
  • Additive manufacturing
  • Laser-powder-bed-fusion
  • Orthopedics

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