Multi-agent based protection scheme using current-only directional overcurrent relays for looped/meshed distribution systems

Mohammad Ali Ataei, Mohsen Gitizadeh*, Matti Lehtonen, Roozbeh Razavi-Far

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

The complexity of the design of the protection system using directional over current relays, for modern power distribution systems has been increased due to the looped/meshed operation and the penetration of distributed generations. Finding a reliable and efficient protection scheme that can be easily implemented in these distribution systems is a major challenge. An efficient solution could be the use of artificial intelligent-based multi-agent systems. This paper proposes a novel distributed intelligent based multi-agent protection scheme, which makes use of current-only directional over current relays as agents for detecting and locating faults and isolating faulty areas (lines/busbars) in the distribution systems. All agents can make on-board decisions by exchanging binary data, and do not need a control centre, so the safety of the protection system against one-point failures and cyber-attacks is increased. The proposed scheme does not need to exchange analogue data, and, therefore, it prevents the high bandwidth communication links. Moreover, it is free from the traditional coordination between relays. This scheme is implemented on the IEEE-14 bus and IEEE-30 bus test systems with the distributed generations and several scenarios have been simulated to evaluate its performance.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages15
JournalIET Generation, Transmission and Distribution
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 18 Jun 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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