m-PISE: A novel numerical procedure for pile installation and soil extraction. Application to the case of Leaning Tower of Pisa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


  • Nunziante Squeglia
  • Stefano Stacul
  • Ayman A. Abed
  • Thomas Benz
  • Martino Leoni

Research units

  • University of Pisa
  • WeSI Geotecnica Srl
  • Wechselwirkung -Numerische Geotechnik GmbH


This article introduces a new procedure to model two cases related to the simulation of the movements of the Tower of Pisa: installation of micropiles and soil extraction. Standard FEM requires geometry definition in the initial configuration. In this case the initial configuration is much different from the final one. m-PISE procedure overcomes this limit. Previous models based these two simulations on a back-analysis procedure. In m-PISE the volume changes are the same as the extracted or injected in-situ, providing a forecasting of the movements. The results obtained through this new procedure show very good agreement with the measured data.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)206-215
JournalComputers and Geotechnics
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • FEM, Leaning Tower of Pisa, m-PISE, Micropile, Pile installation, Soil extraction

ID: 25970386