Movie Sound, Part 1: Perceptual Differences of Six Listening Environments

Janne Riionheimo*, Tapio Lokki

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
186 Downloads (Pure)


The soundtracks of movies are composed and mixed in various listening environments and the final mix is reproduced in cinemas. The variation of electroacoustical properties between the rooms could be significant, and mixes do not translate easily from one location to another. This study aims to elicit the audible differences between six different movie listening environments, which are auralized to an anechoic listening room with 45 loudspeakers. A listening test was performed to determine the attributes that describe the alterations in the sound field between the rooms. Experienced listeners formulated a vocabulary and created an attribute set containing 19 descriptive attributes. The most important attribute was the sense of space when dialogue was evaluated. Moreover timbre and especially brightness were important when music was evaluated. Furthermore, the change of width and clarity of the sound field was considered important.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-67
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the Audio Engineering Society
Issue number1/2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • movie theater
  • cinema
  • spatial audio
  • sound reproduction
  • Room Acoustic


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