Modification of the head-related transfer functions for auditory proximity in rooms

Jukka Pätynen

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting AbstractScientificpeer-review


The human hearing uses two signals entering the ears to interpret surrounding spaces and sound sources, and certain acoustic impressions are often regarded favorably by the listeners. At times, music consumers may consider auditory proximity and intimacy as a desired sensation. In some scenarios, the acoustic reflections, often arriving from lateral angles, succeed in enhancing the perceived proximity, even though all acoustic events occur at far distances. In contrast, natural sounds emanating from a very close proximity are instinctively perceived as intimate. The perception of spatial sound is based on the binaural cues, which can be modeled with head-related transfer functions (HRTF). Earlier research has demonstrated that the interaural level difference for lateral incidence is the foremost difference between near and far-distance HRTFs. In the context of room acoustics, only lateral reflections arrive from angles which at high frequencies create traces of interaural level difference otherwise characteristic to near-field HRTF. This paper explores altering the auditory proximity of auralizations by introducing near-field-type interaural level differences to widely available far-field HRTFs. Analysis of the application of these modified HRTF to reflected sound provides more insight into the sources of auditory proximity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3777
Number of pages1
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2017
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

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