Modelling of 3D fields due to ferritic inserts and test blanket modules in toroidal geometry at ITER

Yueqiang Liu*, Simppa Äkäslompolo, Mario Cavinato, Florian Koechl, Taina Kurki-Suonio, Li Li, Vassili Parail, Gabriella Saibene, Konsta Särkimäki, Seppo Sipilä, Jari Varje

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Computations in toroidal geometry are systematically performed for the plasma response to 3D magnetic perturbations produced by ferritic inserts (FIs) and test blanket modules (TBMs) for four ITER plasma scenarios: the 15 MA baseline, the 12.5 MA hybrid, the 9 MA steady state, and the 7.5 MA half-field helium plasma. Due to the broad toroidal spectrum of the FI and TBM fields, the plasma response for all the n = 1-6 field components are computed and compared. The plasma response is found to be weak for the high-n (n > 4) components. The response is not globally sensitive to the toroidal plasma flow speed, as long as the latter is not reduced by an order of magnitude. This is essentially due to the strong screening effect occurring at a finite flow, as predicted for ITER plasmas. The ITER error field correction coils (EFCC) are used to compensate the n = 1 field errors produced by FIs and TBMs for the baseline scenario for the purpose of avoiding mode locking. It is found that the middle row of the EFCC, with a suitable toroidal phase for the coil current, can provide the best correction of these field errors, according to various optimisation criteria. On the other hand, even without correction, it is predicted that these n = 1 field errors will not cause substantial flow damping for the 15 MA baseline scenario.

Original languageEnglish
Article number066001
Number of pages17
JournalNuclear Fusion
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • plasma response
  • 3D magnetic fields


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